OTHER NAME(S): Albahaca, Basilic, Basilic Commun, Basilic Grand, Basilic Grand Vert, Basilic Romain, Basilic aux Sauces, Basilici Herba, Basilici Herba, Common Basil, Garden Basil, Munjariki, Ocimum basilicum, St. Josephwort, St. Joseph’s Wort, Surasa, Sweet Basil, Vanatulasi, Varvara.
Basil likes a soil PH of 6.0. Needs rich, moist well drained soil. And full sun. Plant Basil near peppers and tomatoes to enhance their growth.
GREENHOUSE: Sow seeds in flats indoors Apr. 1st. Germinate @ 65°F/18°C soil temp. for 7 days. Transplant outside after frost 10-12 in/25-31 cm apart. Water regularly during the summer months.
DIRECT SEEDING: Sow seed outdoors May 20th 1/8 in/3 mm deep, thin seedlings when they are 1 in/25 mm high to 6 in/15 cm apart. Transplant every other one, spacing plants to 12 in/31 cm apart about two weeks after your first thinning.
HARVEST: Leaves should be picked just before flowering, prolong this period by pinching off flowers. Use fresh or dried leaves. It has the mild flavor of anise with a slight mint aftertaste. Popular as a spice for tomato dishes or blend with vinegar in French dressing or in poultry stuffing. Sweet basil is a tender annual.
Per Web-MD, They say this about Basil: Basil is an herb. The parts of the plant that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Basil is commonly used orally for stomach problems such as spasms, loss of appetite, intestinal gas, diarrhea, and constipation. But there is limited scientific research to support these and other medicinal uses of basil. In foods, basil is used for flavor. Basil contains many chemicals. These chemicals might kill bacteria and fungi. Chemicals in basil might reduce symptoms in the gastrointestinal tract.
Basil is POSSIBLY SAFE for adults when taken by mouth as a medicine, short-term. In some people basil can cause low blood sugar. The above-ground parts of basil and basil oil are POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth as a medicine, long-term. These contain estragole, a chemical that might increase the risk of getting liver cancer. Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Basil is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant and breast-feeding women in food amounts. But larger medicinal amounts are POSSIBLY UNSAFE. Basil contains a chemical, estragole, which has caused liver cancer in laboratory mice. Children: Basil is LIKELY SAFE for children in food amounts. But larger medicinal amounts are POSSIBLY UNSAFE. Basil contains a chemical, estragole, which has caused liver cancer in laboratory mice. Bleeding disorders: Basil oils and extracts might slow blood clotting and increase bleeding. In theory, basil oils and extracts might make bleeding disorders worse. Low blood pressure: Basil extracts might lower blood pressure. In theory, taking basil extracts might make blood pressure become too low in people with low blood pressure. Surgery: Basil oils and extracts might slow blood clotting. In theory, basil oils or extracts might increase the risk for bleeding during surgical procedures. Stop using basil at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.
Available Varieties of Basil and their sources
Spicy Globe Dwarf Basil – 70 days. Annual. The most popular mini leaf basil for 4 in./10cm pots (10 weeks from sowing to sales). Maintains it’s compact growth forming tiny 6 in./15cm mounded plants. Heavy basil flavor. – This particular strain Spicy Globe (ocimum basilicum minimum) was selected from a much more vigorous small leaf type. Unfortunately growers will always experience a small percentage of off types or taller plants until further selection and back crossing is done. Spicy Globe is a favorite strain of bedding plant growers. It is very compact and maintains its mounded growth without pinching. As a bedding plant it maintains its appearance well (minus taller rogues) in flats, paks, pots or 804 trays. It grows very fast from seed to sale in 804’s or about 10-11 weeks in 4 in/10 cm pots. Flavor and fragrance of Spicy Globe is the same as regular basil. CULTURE: Sow Feb. 20th – Mar. 15th for May sales. Seed is smaller than regular basil so you should be able to sow 16 flats (20×12 in/51×31 cm) @ 600-700 seedlings per flat with an ounce of seed. Germinate at 70°F/21°C soil temp. for 8-10 days. As seedlings appear, lower greenhouse temperatures to 50°F/10°C to promote slower growth. Keep growing area well ventilated and treat plants once a week with a fungicide to control damping off. Never use ice cold water to water the plants. ‘Transplant seedlings carefully at the same depth as they were in the seedling flat.DIRECT SEEDING: This is possible outdoors in early May. Transplant 3 weeks after germination. Plants should mature in 70 days. Thin seedlings to 8 in/20 cm apart.
Sweet Basil – 85 days. Annual. Large leaf. Use fresh or dried leaves. 1 1/2 ft./46cm plant. Fully mature leaves have a sweet milder taste and smell.
StokesSeeds.com – Item 159 – 250 seeds for $2.15
Lettuce Leaf Basil – 85 days. Annual. Imported from Italy. large serrated or deeply cut leaves are slightly larger than our regular strain. Licorice flavor and fragrance. 16 in./40 cm. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Excellent in salads.
StokesSeeds.com – Item 159B – 250 seeds for $2.15
Cinnamon Basil – 80 days. Annual. Popular in herbal tea. Violet stems and prominent veins and flower bracts, lavender flowers, small 1 in/2.5cm green leaves. Tall 28 in/71cm plants. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Cinnamon Flavor & Fragrance.
MyPatriotSupply.com has this for $1.97
Thai Basil – 70 days. Stronger licorice taste than Italian basils, plant has small leaves, purple stems and a strong clove scent. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Very sweet fragrance, used in thai cooking.
StokesSeeds.com – Item 159L – 100 seeds for $2.50
Lemon Basil – 80 days. Annual. Small pointed leaves with distinct lemon flavor. Perfect for seafood dishes and Thai and Vietnamese cuisine. 18 in/45 cm compact plant. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Strong Lemon Fragrance, excellent in vinegar.
StokesSeeds.com – Item 163A – 250 seeds for $2.50
Red Rubin Basil – 80 days. Annual. Improved Dark Opal, plain edged leaves are dark red. 15 in/38 cm Ornamental. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Strikingly ornamental, excellent in vinegar’s and as a garnish.
Purple Ruffles Basil – 80 days. Annual. Bushy 24 in/61cm dark purple lettuce leaf Basil for containers or salads. (follow growing instructions for Sweet Basil.) Strikingly ornamental, excellent in vinegar’s and as a garnish.
StokesSeeds.com – Item 700 – 1000 seeds for $4.10
Anise Basil – Sweet Anise Flavor & Fragrance.
Camphor Basil – Camphor scented, tea taken for stomachaches and colds, not used in cooking.
I did find this on Amazon which includes
When the weather warms up, herbs can grow tall quickly and stop producing leaves but flower and set seeds instead. Delay bolting by harvesting leaves while the plant is still immature. The more leaves you harvest, the more energy the plant will expend on leafing out rather than on flower […]