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Dill

OTHER NAME(S): American Dill, Aneth, Aneth Odorant, Anethi Fructus, Anethi Herba, Anethum graveolens, Anethum sowa, Dill Herb, Dill Oil, Dill Weed, Dillweed, Dilly, Eneldo, European Dill, Faux Anis, Fenouil Bâtard, Fenouil Puant, Huile d’Aneth, Indian Dill, Madhura, Peucedanum graveolens, Satahva, Shatpushpa, Sotapa, Sowa. DILL – popular herb used in Pickling CULTURE: Sow in rows 2-5 ft apart @ 2 seeds per in/25 mm, about May 15th 0.25 in/6 mm deep, cover with fine soil and firm. Seeds germinate slowly but rather well at soil temps between 60-70°F/16-21°C. Choose a nice sunny piece of land that is fairly well drained. Soil type is not critical, dill is almost weed-like in its ability to adapt to soil and climate conditions. Thin seedlings 4-6 in/10-15 cm apart in the row when they are 2-3 in/5-8 cm high. Seedlings do not transplant easily, so do not try to sow them in flats. For a consistent supply of dill throughout the season (it matures in about 70 days) sow seeds several times – about 2 or 3 weeks apart from May until June 30th. HARVEST: Mature plants average 3-4 ft/91-122 cm in height and resemble wild carrot, with feathery leaves and wide flat clusters of flowers. Stalks are dark blue green and have a very strong pungent flavor. Cut in bunches @ about 2 ft/61 cm from the soil. Use the top half of the plant particularly the seeds and the fresh or dried flower heads and leaves in making dill pickles. DWARF DILL – for bedding plants or pickling Annual (18 in/46 cm) oz/28 g contains approx. 20,000 seeds One third the height of regular dill strains. Dark green, base branching leaves and dwarf bushy plant are perfect for bedding plant sales or for use in 8 in/20 cm containers. CULTURE: Sow in rows outdoors 2 ft/61 cm apart @ 2 seeds per in/25 mm, 0.25 in/6 mm deep (cover with soil) about May 15th, or indoors in peat pots as a bedding plant by March 15th. Seeds germinate at 60-70°F/16-21°C in about 14 days. Soil type is not critical, all Dills are almost weed-like in their ability to adapt to soil and climate conditions. Thin seedlings 4-6 in/10-15 cm apart outdoors in rows when they are only 2-3 in/5-8 cm high. Seedlings do not transplant easily unless they are in peat pots so don’t try to sow dill in seed flats for bedding plant seedlings. For a consistent supply of commercial quality dill throughout the season (it matures in 68-70 days) sow seeds several times outdoors about 2 or 3 weeks apart. May 15th-June 30th. HARVEST: Mature plants average only 18 in/46 cm and resemble wild carrot or fennel with wide, feathery leaves and flat flower clusters. Stalks are dark blue/green in color and have very strong pungent flavor. Cut in bunches 16 in/40 cm long. Use plant tops, seeds and the fresh flower heads in flavoring dill pickles. Dill likes 6.0 PH soils, grows in moderately rich, well drained, moist soil type, and full sun.  Dill is supposed to enhance the growth of cabbage, onions, and lettuce.  Dill attracts bees. Per Web-MD; Dill is a plant that has a long history as a culinary spice. But it has also been used as a magic weapon and a medicine. During the Middle Ages, people used dill to defend against witchcraft and enchantments. More recently, people have used dill seeds and the parts of the plant that grow above the ground as medicine. Dill is used for digestion problems including loss of appetite, intestinal gas (flatulence), liver problems, and gallbladder complaints. It is also used for urinary tract disorders including kidney disease and painful or difficult urination. Other uses for dill include treatment of fever and colds, cough, bronchitis, hemorrhoids, infections, spasms, nerve pain, genital ulcers, menstrual cramps, and sleep disorders. Dill seed is sometimes applied to the mouth and throat for pain and swelling (inflammation). In foods, dill is used as a culinary spice. In manufacturing, dill oil is used as a fragrance in cosmetics, soaps, and perfumes. Some chemicals contained in dill seed might help relax muscles. Other chemicals might be able to fight bacteria and increase urine production like a “water pill.” Dill is LIKELY SAFE when consumed as a food. Dill is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth as a medicine. When applied to the skin, dill can sometimes cause skin irritation. Fresh dill juice can also cause the skin to become extra sensitive to the sun. This might put you at greater risk for sunburns and skin cancer. Avoid sunlight. Wear sunblock and protective clothing outside, especially if you are light-skinned. Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: It’s POSSIBLY UNSAFE to use dill as a medicine if you are pregnant. Dill seed can start menstruation and that might lead to a miscarriage. There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking dill as a medicine if you are breast-feeding. It’s best to stick to food amounts. Allergy to plants in the carrot family: Dill may cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to plants in the carrot family. Some of these include asafoetida, caraway, celery, coriander, and fennel. Diabetes: Dill extract might lower blood sugar in people with diabetes. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully, if you have diabetes and use dill extract in amounts larger than the amounts normally found in food. Surgery: Dill extract might lower blood sugar. There is concern that using dill extract might interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop taking dill extract at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery. Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination: Lithium interacts with DILL! Dill might have an effect like a water pill or “diuretic.” Taking dill might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed. Available Varieties of Dill and their sources
Dill Dukat – 70 days. Annual. Tetra strain for processing with high yields, larger umbels, taller 30 in/76 cm plant than Bouquet. Use leaves for soups, stalks and seeds for pickles. MyPatriotSupply.com has this for $1.79 each
Dwarf Dill Fernleaf
Dwarf Dill Fernleaf – 68 days. Annual. 18 in/46 cm. Dwarf, dark green fine leaved, base branching dill for bedding plant growers. Performs well in 8 in/20 cm pots. StokesSeeds.com – Item 158B – 1000 seeds for $3.50
Dill Bouquet
Dill Bouquet – 65 days. Annual. Standard stain developed from Mammoth. Used for bedding plant trade and roadside stands. StokesSeeds.com – Item 158C – 200 seeds for $2.15
Dill Diana
Dill Diana – 70 days. Very upright, stable selection. Dark green, very leafy compact plants are tolerant to bolting. StokesSeeds.com – Item 158D – 200 seeds for $2.15

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