We talk about water these days as if it were something to be conserved. Well, it is and we need to think about it more than ever since we need to enforce any idea that helps lower overall strain on the environment.
With gardening and food production, using water is something we must do on a constant basis. We have grown up thinking that we must water our garden or crops on a consistent basis or they will die. Its basic botany right? It would seem reasonable to think, but there are ways you can grow lots of food with little to now water so listen up, these ideas will help you save a boat load when you start planting your crops.
For a long time, dry land farming was the only way you could do in many places, especially the middle east and around the Mediterranean. Simply put, dry land farming, is simply tapping to the moisture that is already in the land. During the raining season, farmers would break up the saturated soil and compact it down till it forms a crust that prevents the moisture from evaporating. While this practice is not needed for many areas, California is beginning to once again re-use this technique as demand for water in the dry region has become difficult to deal with along with the rising cost of irrigation systems.
This method is really designed for places that less access to water as mother nature will dictate what is allowable using this technique. The yield on the crops is also limited for obvious reasons. while this technique does have its advantages such as using less water, it doesn’t lack drawbacks as well. Using dry land farming will also limit the size of your produce as well as the flavor due to the restriction of natural sugars as a result of water restriction.
The flip side of the coin is the dry land farming is about overall / future conservation of the harvest and the land. When their are abundant sources of water then most of the farming will relocate and within a few decades, the land could be too burnt to use for a while. Dry land farming seeks to use more land for the same amount of produce while conserving the usability of the land over the long term.